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OHSAS18000简介
                                      OHSAS18000标准
  

OHSAS18000(Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18000),职业安全卫生管理体系认证标准
   OHSAS18000标准介绍
   OHSAS18000全名为Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18000,是一国际性安全及卫生管理系统验证标准。OHSAS之所以发展,主要为解决客户群在面对诸多验证机构自行开发的安卫管理系统验证标准时,如何取舍之问题:以及取代知名度较高之BS8800(仅为指导纲要,而非验证标准)而成为可正式验证之国际标准。客户常因上述征结未能理清,而采观望态度。其实大家都明了安卫管理系统之建置乃刻不容缓之事,其较诸品质及环境管理系统之建置,虽少了生意导向之诱因,却多了尊重员工生命财产这形象。为了解决上述征结,各大验证机构(如SGS集团,BSI,NSAI,Standards Australia, BVQI, LRQA等)乃参考既有安卫管理系统标准(如ISA 2000,BS 8800,NSAI SR 320, AS/NZ 4801, Safety Cert, OHSMS, LRQASMS 8800等),共同发展出OHSAS18000。OHSAS18001规范之架构与ISO14001一致,亦循PDCA持续改善模式设计,而OHSAS18002实施指导纲要之内容则多所参考ISA2000。
  职业安全卫生管理体系是国际上继ISO9000质量管理体系标准和ISO14000环境管理体系标准后世界各国关注的又一管理标准。美国、英国、澳大利亚、日本等国家正在实施职业安全卫生管理体系。目前,许多国家和地区都依据ISO9001、ISO14001和管理模式制定了相应的职业安全卫生管理体系标准。如英国的BS8800、亚太地区职业安全卫生组织ASOSHO的AP1000以及欧盟的OHSAS18001等管理体系标准。其目的均是依据近代管理科学理论制定的管理标准来规范企业的职业安全卫生管理行为,促进企业建立现代企业制度,预防为主,控制事故的发生,保障劳动者的安全与健康。为了有效推动我国职业安全卫生管理工作,提高企业职业安全卫生管理水平,降低安全卫生风险因素及相关费用,降低生产成本,并使企业管理模式符合国际通行的惯例,促进国际贸易及提高我国企业的综合形象,以此加强其在市场上的竞争力,我国已开始全面推广实施职业安全卫生管理体系工作,并依据 OHSAS/SD18001职业安全卫生管理体系标准,国家经贸委颁发了"关于开展职业安全卫生管理体系认证工作的通知"。已有许多合资企业及知名大企业掌握时机,开始积极地投入到这项工作中。

 

 

The OHSAS18000 standards
The OHSAS18000 Occupational (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18000), Occupational Health and Safety management system certification standard
The OHSAS18000 standard is introduced
His name is OHSAS18000 Occupational Assessment, and it is a better 18,000 international Safety and Health management system test standard. The development, mainly for OHSAS solving customer in the face of the numerous verification institutions develop management system developed by the standard, the validation of the problem: how to choose a higher well-knowingness and replace BS8800 (only guidelines, rather than test standards) and become the international standards can be formally validation. Because of the client often failed to clear, and for "by watching attitude. Is everyone clear develop management system of the building is the urgent matter, the more the quality and environmental management system, the construction of a little business orientation, but much respect employees life and property that image. In order to solve the requisition ", each big verification institutions (such AS SGS group, BSI, Australia, NSAI, best LRQA, etc.) is the BVQI reference to develop management system Standards (AS ISA 2000, BS, NSAI SR 320 around 120, AS / 4801 NZ, it LRQASMS 880 OHSMS, Cert, etc.), common develop OHSAS18000. OHSAS18001 standard of architecture and ISO14001, also follow PDCA mode, and continuously improve the content OHSAS18002 implementation guidelines that are more ISA2000 reference.
The occupational health and safety management system is the international standard of ISO9000 quality management system and ISO14000 environmental management system standard world attention after other management standards. In the United States, Britain, Australia, Japan and other countries are implementing the occupational health and safety management system. At present, many countries and regions according to ISO9001, ISO14001 and management mode of the relevant occupational health and safety management system standards. If Britain's BS8800, occupational health and safety organization in the Asia-pacific region and the EU ASOSHO Westinghouse AP1000 OHSAS18001 management system standards. Its purpose is based on modern management science theory of management standards formulated to standardize enterprise of occupational health and safety management behavior, promote enterprise establish modern enterprise system, the prevention and control of accidents, ensure the safety and health of the workers. In order to effectively promote the occupational health and safety management work, enhances the enterprise the occupational health and safety management level, reduce the safety and health risk factors and related costs, reduce production cost and make the enterprise management mode accords with the international practice, to promote the international trade and improve our enterprise integrated image, enhance its competitiveness in the market, China has begun to promote all-round occupational health and safety management system implementation, and on the basis SD18001 OHSAS/occupational health and safety management system standards issued by the state economic and trade commission, the "on occupational safety and health management system certification work". For many famous enterprises and joint ventures, start time grasp actively engaged in the work.

 

 

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